Arabica Coffee Bean Plant – The Secret of Starbucks Success

Arabica Coffee Bean Plant – The Secret of Starbucks Success

The Arabica coffee bean plant is the origin of every delightful coffee moment bar none. Many famous coffee houses use it to keep luring clients in.

Being a coffee lover and enthusiast, digging deep into the origins of this lovely drink is a no-brainer. With more than 150 million cups sold daily in the United States alone, coffee’s popularity is getting stronger and stronger every single day.

One of the most successful coffee shop chains worldwide is Starbucks Coffee & Tea, no doubt; some may disagree with that statement ( which I completely understand).

Still, one of the main reasons for that success is their investment in the Arabica Coffee Tree and the use of Arabica beans in all their products, all while actively caring about the people, growers, and suppliers’ well-being.

Today I will try to enlighten you further on that magical tree from history to biology, origins, threats, and everything in between.


Where Is Arabica Coffee From? History of The Magical Tree

As its name entails, our popular Arabica originates from the Middle East, to be exact from Yemen, where it is believed it was found and documented in the 12th century.

It is known as a species by many names, including but not limited to “Arabian Coffee,” “Mountain Coffee,” “Coffea Arabica,” and “Arabica Coffee.”

Being the first coffee species to be cultivated and used, Arabica currently represents a staggering 60% of international production. At the same time, most of the additional 40% are dominated mainly by its direct competitor, the Robusta Coffee Tree, which we will talk about in later posts.

Arab scholars were the first to produce records of roasted coffee or būna in Arabic, and they clearly stated one of its very well known benefits, which are prolonging their work hours.

Back in the 12th century, this Yemeni discovery became the talk of the town and spread like wildfire, especially among the Egyptians and Turks, later on, it started spreading in Europe.

While Yemen is still producing Arabica Coffee, qat took over, which resulted in a decline of our beloved tree production.


The Magic of Biology

The Arabica tree is small, 5 meters tall when unpruned with small glossy leaves, opposite, dark green, and thin. White flowers usually flourish after rain.

It contains four homologous sets of chromosomes with over 30 recognized mutations.

Self-pollination can occur, and pollination can also be by honeybees, which collect nectar and pollen from the flowers.

For more detailed information, you can check the source at:

World Agro Forestry.


Habitats & Global Distribution

While Yemen is the”founding father,” time and human unappreciative of such a gem lead to the neglect of coffee in Yemen. Currently, researchers consider Ethiopia and Mozambique as Native countries of the Arabica Tree. Other continents and countries started planting, producing, and exporting, including:

Africa, Southeast Asia, Latin America, China, United States, & some islands in the Caribbean and the Pacific.

Angola, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Colombia, Costa Rica, Democratic Republic of Congo, Dominican

Republic, El Salvador, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Martinique, Mexico,

Philippines, Rwanda, Sri Lanka, Surinam, Tanzania, Uganda, United States of America.


Arabica & The Coffee Business, Starbucks Coffee & Tea Example

From Kenya to Sumatra, Yemen to Jamaica, Ethiopia to Guatemala to mention a few, Starbucks roam the world for the best coffee beans available in the market.

They use 100% high-quality Arabica beans in their various products to establish themselves as one of the biggest buyers in the field. As mentioned on their website Starbucks the coffee buyers team, evaluates more than 1000 samples; only a few are selected.

They also look to solidify their relationships with growers and suppliers which is not limited to the business side, Starbucks as a company has an active corporate social responsibility program benefiting the families of growers and the societies surrounding the fields.


Starbucks Coffee

Unfortunately, not everything is rosy, and the future might be holding some bad news for Starbucks, the whole industry & coffee addicts, and that is global warming.

The Arabica tree is known to be fragile and sensitive to many factors: rain, temperature, soil, surroundings, altitude, etc.

With temperatures on the rise and fast-changing weather and taking into consideration, that chilly temperatures are essential,

there are clear indications that growing lands will become unsuitable for plantation in the next 20 to 30 years, which will result in an unfortunate supply decline and beans price increase.

As a countermeasure and part of its efforts to fight climate change, Starbucks started buying renewable energy. It implemented strict procedures on energy conservation along with directly working with growers and suppliers on these changing conditions.

Various techniques are applied to assess the impact of climate change on production, and quality: “The steps we’re taking to address climate change not only reduce our environmental footprint, but they also help ensure the supply of high-quality coffee that our customers expect from us is sustainable for future generations.”  Source Starbucks

In 2018, they announced their commitment to operating 10,000 greener stores globally.

Other major industry players should follow the path and execute similar strategies.

Buy Starbucks ground coffee

A Pure Gift of Nature

In my humble opinion, the Coffea Arabica coffee beans plant is by far and without a doubt a gift. Let’s imagine for a moment, the coffee business and consumers without it, what would the situation be?

I am quite sure that not having the choice of high quality, rich cup of coffee would have reduced the business and the consumer’s experience of joy significantly. Even though its country of origin seems to be neglecting its importance and switched to qat tree, many other countries (luckily) are actively planting and producing on a large scale.

I hope after it is now clear to you why coffee businesses and coffee shops using the “coffee shrub of Arabia” are succeeding and stunning their clients with various exquisite blends, smells, and flavors.

Hopefully, nature will get back on our side, and have mercy on such an amazing and sophisticated substance; humanity will realize that climate change and global warming are damaging to everyone and that we should change our habits for us to keep enjoying everything nature has to offer.


Starbucks Medium Roast Ground Coffee


32 thoughts on “Arabica Coffee Bean Plant – The Secret of Starbucks Success

  1. Hello Jordan, nice to see you share this well informative and helpful article about the Arabica coffee tree being the secret of Starbucks success. Starbucks coffee is truly impressive and enjoyable considering the fact that they put in their best to produce coffee with passion for humanity and the world at large. I am really amazed at the relationship between Starbucks, its partners and consumers too. They’re really doing a great job to make sure our climate is under control.


  2. Thanks a lot for such an amazing review about Arabica Coffee Tree – The Secret of Starbucks Success and explanations are given.

    The best coffee you can drink is at Starbucks. I read a lot of articles on the internet which is the secret to this great coffee, but this is the best I have read. I will definitely order Starbucks Medium Roast Ground Coffee Variety Pack to have at home.

    Thanks again and keep in touch!

  3. Wow Jordan, what an education I receive from your site.  I’m not a coffee drinker but I do visit Starbucks often for other reasons.  Who knew?  I’ve never heard of the arabica tree before.  Now I know at least a little about it.  My first thought when I saw the name was that I thought it said Arabic coffee.  I’m probably not the only one.  The fact that it comes from the middle east, I guess I shouldn’t be surprised.  Good job.  Keep up the good work.  

  4. I’m a coffee maniac myself. One of the happiest days of my life was the one I read that people drinking coffee 2 or 3 times a day has more opportunity to get into their 80’s. : )

    I do not know much of this specific variety (my expertise gets only up to the level of taking it without sugar). I’ve visited a plantation of Coffee in the Dominican Republic on my 2017 summer vacation (it was a really good experience). This coffee has a great taste and its strength does not bother the palate and match very well when sweetened with honey as a sugar alternative. 

    Thanks for a great review on how that magical drink gets to my table every morning! 

  5.  Hi, this is pretty interesting. So it is this particular tree that is so relevant to the Brew . I’ve been to Starbucks once before, and I have had their coffee. I remember that the prices were very high for all these fancy Types of coffee. I guess that some people really get into it. It has to be great atmosphere though to sit in. It was right beside a bookstore, so maybe that’s the type of people that like that coffee.

  6. This was a great read to learn all about how Arabica coffee, especially the part on where it originates, I had no idea. I didn’t realize though that they were having such an impact on global warming, that is new to me if that is the case I guess something will have to be done especially with all the news lately.

    Anyway, its been interesting to learn about coffee and no matter what type of coffee we consume, there is a long process behind it, something I didn’t know before reading this.

    I do hope that the coffee market rebounds from this, and we find a way to keep it going but without the global warming issues.



  7. I love coffee so I really enjoyed reading your post about Arabica coffee. It’s a scary thought that we could soon be living in a world where there are no morning lattes available. So it makes me happy to read that Starbucks is part of the change that is so much needed – I hope we’ll manage to save the ”black gold”.

  8. I was very happy and surprised to read your article. To be honest, I have no idea about how coffee is grown in the world and about coffee cultivators. But after reading the article I learned how coffee is cultivated and how coffee is made. I like to drink coffee. I think your article will benefit us all and I’ll get more information from you about the Coffee Tree. Thanks for sharing.

    1. Always a pleasure sharing information about different Coffee Trees and beans, stay tuned for more.

      Thank you,


  9. Hi Jordan. Really interesting article!

    As a confirmed and discerning coffee lover I was fascinated to learn where the name “Arabica” originated. I had no idea it started in Yemen. And the effects of global warming on yet another (vital) industry is truly alarming. But good to know that such global players as Starbucks are taking it onboard.

    I’m also surprised at the relatively small amounts of investment needed to buy into a coffee shop franchise – certainly got me thinking! 

    I look forward to reading more of your articles and would be interested in coffee shop franchises in international locations, possibly Spain, where I hope to re-locate in the foreseeable future.

    Many thanks


    1. Hello Adrian,

      Global warming is touching every aspect of our daily lives, unfortunately. 

      Regarding international franchise opportunities, your request is well noted and I am actually preparing for an article that includes coffee shop franchise opportunities in Europe, so stay tuned!

      Thank you!


  10. Hi Jordan,

    Thanks a lot for the insightful and informative article. I have learned a lot of new stuff from your article which I am unaware of. This a very thorough and in-depth and thank you for taking the time to do this.

    There is no surprise when I read that Coffee is the second most consumed beverage in the world after water. So that states all about the popularity of coffee although I don’t drink much but wife is a coffee lover. So often I do some research online on coffee and share the new arrivals and information about coffee.

    I got great insights about Arabica Coffee Tree. It’s an eye-opener when I came to know that Arabica is one of the most important coffee source for Starbucks, I am unaware of it.

    I am looking forward for the article on the best gourmet Arabica coffee beans from you.

    1. Hi Paul,

      Your comment is highly appreciated.

      Many were not aware that Starbucks use the Arabica Coffee beans.

      The best gourmet Arabica coffee beans articles is being brewed and will be published real soon, so stay tuned.



  11. I knew that one of the most important sources of Arabian Starbucks is the source of coffee.I had a lot of interest in learning about coffee, but I personally received a wonderful article from you that after reading it, I personally found out where and how coffee is grown around the world and coffee is known about them.Hopefully coffee growers will be in a position to improve the cultivation of these fruits even under difficult circumstances.

    1. Coffee growers are the backbone of all the Coffee industry, Starbucks takes real good care of them through their CSR policy.

  12. Hello there,thanks for this awesome article it would be of great help to the public as it has been of help to me.i must  say  that you did a great job on this article as it is very important and informative too.i have heard alot about  Starbucks coffee never know that this is their secret source…thanks allot I would try out the coffee sometime

    1. Hello Feji,

      They carefully choose the best Arabica Coffee beans which gives their espresso and espresso based drinks that distinctive signature.

      Try the Arabica coffee and share with us your feedback!

  13. The arabica coffee is definitely worthy of the praises you gave it and sure enough, Starbucks has been quick to capitalize on the fact that the arabica coffee tree is the real deal.

    It is however, unfortunate that the rise in global warming is gradually leading to factors that would bring about its decline in production and distribution resulting from unsuitable lands for plantation. But like you mentioned, it’s a good thing that Starbucks has taken the initiative to join the fight against climate change.

    Great post 👍

  14. Very interesting article and I had no idea that Starbucks only used coffee beans from the Arabica Tree, which with global warming seems to be threatened.

    I didn’t know that these trees were so sensitive to the elements and it would be a sad day if we couldn’t grow our coffee anymore. It is great to see the company taking such an interest in the well being of its trees and making provision for the future. More companies should think about operating greener stores round the world.

    I think that people worldwide should pull together now before it is too late and help to control this global epidemic that we are facing.

    1. Hi Michel,

      Yes the Arabica Coffee Tree is very sensitive unlike the Robusta Coffee Tree which is much more robust and commercially used on a larger scale.

  15. Hi Shanta,

    I totally understand you, we all take our Coffee cup for granted while its a huge business out there affecting the lives of many and bringing business to others such as Starbucks.

    Stay tuned for more!

  16. Thank you so much for sharing with us such a beautiful article .I’m a coffee lover who loves coffee and I drink a lot of coffee .But the funny thing is I don’t know a lot about where this coffee came from and how it’s marketed. Because it is not produced in our country .But the interest was much to know and today after getting your article I got to know everything very well .Your article also explained to me how coffee growers cultivate this .And I’ve heard a lot about the name  Arabica Coffee Tree, it’s really nice to know a lot about the thing I love to eat today.

  17. Thanks for this lots of information on the Arabica Coffee Tree; I always thought the root country of coffee was from African nations like Ghana, Nigeria not knowing that it was from Ethiopia, Mozambique.
    Another point where you blew my mind was where you pointed out that the plant undergoes self-pollination and that pollination could be carried out by honey-bee.
    Once again, I say thank you for this load of information.

    1. Yes, self-pollination blew me away too. There is so much to discover and enjoy about Coffee and I will constantly provide studies and researches about the topic.


  18. I am a coffee addict as well. I cannot imagine myself not drinking even a cup a day. I usually drink 4 to 5 cups a day. Though I love coffee I am not that familiar where it came from or where it originated. I heard about the arabica type but not sure what kind of tree it is. I saw a poster in Starbucks store in my country, and it says it supports our local coffee farmers which supports your information about its social responsibility. 

    1. Hi Dan, 

      Thank you for reading my Arabica Coffee Tree post, which country are you from? I will do a research on your coffee growers situation and post an article on it!

  19. Many thanks to you for giving us such a beautiful article. I had a lot of interest in learning about coffee but couldn’t find any source of passion that I got from you. After reading the article I learned about Arabica Coffee Tree and I also learned more about where and how coffee is grown in the world and about coffee cultivators.Personally, I have a tendency towards copy cultivation but I have no natural environment like coffee farming in this country but I am very interested in coffee farming.

    1. Hello Arzu,

      No doubt that coffee farmers are the backbone of every single Arabica coffee cup we enjoy, whether its black coffee, Espresso, Turkish coffee or many more. Many growers, farmers and families put much effort and care for us to enjoy every sip.

      I will follow this post with a comprehensive research about coffee farming. Stay Tuned!


  20. This is a valuable information. I’ve known that Arabica is one of the most important coffee source for Starbucks, but never realized how it can impact global warming. I hope with the techology advancement, we can utilise it to preserve nature better. Will you write about Kopi Luwak too? It’s a ‘rising star’ coffee and I’m curious about their impact on both coffee business and environmental issue. Thanks

  21. What an interesting insight to learn about Arabica coffee. Just did a ton of research on which gourmet coffee to buy so I kind of know the difference between Arabica and Robusta in terms of quality taste but certainly didn’t go beyond that point. Yes, climate change is real and sometimes horrific – just see what it is doing to Australia right now with all the bush fires. 

    I hope coffee farmers will continue to find ways for these fruit plants to thrive even in harsh conditions so that we can keep the coffee economy growing and help key industry players keep their jobs. 

    1. Hello Cathy,

      Arabica coffee tree generated beans are definitely the best choice, I will post an article in the near future about the best gourmet Arabica coffee beans. Stay Tuned!


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